Population health and wellness professionals segment populations to provide targeted interventions with the aim of achieving health as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO): “complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing.” They analyze data, considering multiple health determinants such as:
Along the way, population health and wellness practitioners discover ways to improve the healthcare system, better neighborhoods, and engage individuals. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention provides training to help individuals improve their population health skills.
Population health involves healthcare organizations, community agencies, and wellness companies working together to improve determinants of health with the aim of improving the health and wellbeing of groups of people.
Public health concerns itself with protecting everyone’s health through research, public policy and legislation, education, and social change. These efforts result in less injury and disease, improved health, and lower mortality rates for countries and communities. Examples include healthier built environments, reduced noise pollution, increased access to healthy foods, and effective vaccination programs.
Community health is a subset of public health that focuses on designing and implementing innovative programs that improve the health of specific communities, grouped by geography or based on race or ethnicity. Local agencies, tribal organizations, governmental entities, schools, and non-profits work together to reduce disease and create healthy communities.
Population health management (PHM) is a strategy primarily used within health and wellness industries to improve health outcomes of specific groups of people. It includes data collection and analytics, risk stratification, care management, engagement, interagency coordination, and outcomes measurement. PHM allows health and wellness professionals to prevent disease, plan treatments and interventions, contain costs, and improve quality of life through multiple touchpoints, including clinical settings, community agencies, and lifestyle management. At times it requires complex care plans that help care managers engage with individuals within targeted populations. Population health tools such as electronic health records and health risk assessments help inform population health companies and practitioners of current health status, risk of future disease, lifestyle behaviors, change readiness, outcomes, and more.
Efficient, effective population health depends on data that is managed by information